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Function Definitions

Here is the full schema definition file for the dividend example. We will now focus on its funcs and views sections. Since they are structured identically we will only need to explain the layout of these sections once.

name: Dividend
description: Simple dividend smart contract
structs: {}
typedefs: {}
state:
memberList: Address[] # array with all the recipients of this dividend

# factors per member

members: map[Address]Uint64 # map with all the recipient factors of this dividend
owner: AgentID # owner of contract, the only one who can call 'member' func
totalFactor: Uint64 # sum of all recipient factors
funcs:
# divide tokens over members
divide: {}
init:
params:
owner: AgentID? # optional owner of contract, defaults to contract creator
member:
access: owner # only defined owner of contract can add members
params:
address: Address # address of dividend recipient
factor: Uint64 # relative division factor
setOwner:
access: owner # only defined owner of contract can change owner
params:
owner: AgentID # new owner of smart contract
views:
getFactor:
params:
address: Address # address of dividend recipient
results:
factor: Uint64 # relative division factor
getOwner:
results:
owner: AgentID # current owner of this smart contract

As you can see each of the funcs and views sections defines their functions in the same way. The only resulting difference is in the way the schema tool generates code for them. The code generated for Funcs will be able to inspect and modify the smart contract state, whereas the code generated for Views will only be able to inspect the state.

Functions are defined as named subsections in the schema definition file. The name of the subsection will become the name of the function. In turn, there can be 3 optional subsections under each function subsection.

  • access indicates who is allowed to access the function.
  • params holds the field definitions that describe the function parameters.
  • results holds the field definitions that describe the function results.

We will now examine each subsection in more detail. In the next section we will first look at the access subsection.